“Art is a guarantee of sanity.”- Louise Bourgeois
In Tate Modern’s new building, Louise Bourgeois has a place in one of the ARTIST ROOMS. As a celebrated female contemporary artist, Bourgeois strongly influenced
Louise Bourgeois (1911-2010) is a French-American artist, famous for her large-scale sculpture and installation works of an often darker or disturbing appearance. She explores a lot of personal themes such as family, sexuality, death or subconscious, as well as strong emotions of anger or jealousy, experienced throughout her traumatic childhood.
To create her sculptures, Bourgeois also experienced with then unusual materials such as latex, plaster found objects, steel, cotton or thread. Although she is now often assimilated to surrealists or feminists, she has always kept her uniqueness, pushing the boundaries further, while investigating the meaning of womanhood through her recurring motif of spiders and entwined fabric bodies.
Louise Bourgeois began to make her self-enclosed structures known as Cells
in 1989 to reflect on fear and anxieties. The meaning of the word “Cell” refers both to a prison and to body cells. The objects Bourgeois chooses for her “cell” installations signals the influence of Marcel Duchamp and his ‘readymade’. Nonetheless, Bourgeois’s range of objects is rooted in memory and biography whereas Duchamp’s selections are more of a conceptual nature.